The Sheep Breeding policy adopted in Jammu and Kashmir is
one recommended by the ICAR and further laid down by the
National Commission on Agriculture for Northern temperate
regions. As envisaged therein, the cross breeding of local
sheep with fine wool breeds like Merino in Kashmir and
Rambouillet in Jammu Division is being continued.
The major chunk of Sheep population of Jammu division being
migratory in nature, this policy is being continued till
date in these migratory, semi-migratory and stationary
flocks of colder regions of the state. Due to introduction
of superior fine wool Germplasm in these areas about 65%
sheep population has attained desired type of crossbred wool
with subsequent increase in body weight.
Stabilization of inheritance level (75% Rmbouillet-25%
Local) by selective breeding with stress on mutton
production. Gains accrued in fine wool shall be maintained
(with atleast 24 micron fibre diameter).
Appropriate levels of inheritance of muttonous breeds
like Dorper, Texel etc. and local sheep shall be identified
and introduced after performance evaluation in plain belts
of Jammu division.
Development of goat sector, which remained neglected due to
more stress being laid on sheep development, has now been
taken up so as to narrow down the gap between demand and
supply of meat. The Department has accordingly introduced
programmes for development of goat sector.
Introduction of Beetal breed:
Beetal/ Alpine breeds of goats shall be introduced after
validation for upgradation in Kandi belt and Shivalik
hill ranges of Jammu division.
Dairy Goat Farm Rajbagh is being maintained on pure Beetal goats breeding.
Selective breeding of Kagani goats:
Under the programme best Kagani bucks are being
purchased from progressive goat breeders of Rajouri,
Udhampur, Reasi, Jammu and Samba districts and provided
to the breeders having Kagani goats so as to maintain
the breed on pure lines and to check the inbreeding.
Complete J&K State Livestock Breeding
Policy 2019 can be assessed below: